The key to oral health is to treat your diseases and conditions as soon as possible. Dr. Soufi of Medora Dental Care provides general dentistry services to patients in Abbotsford and surrounding areas. Some of the problems we deal with include:
A cracked or fractured tooth is a common dental problem that requires root canal therapy. A tooth can crack for many reasons, including grinding, clenching, biting on hard objects and trauma. All of these behaviours put extra stress on the teeth, which makes them more prone to cracking.
A tooth crack can widen as you use that tooth to bite or chew. This puts the pulp inside the tooth at risk for being exposed. You may feel discomfort when there is pressure on the crack, and the pain can subside when the pressure is released. If the crack is left untreated, the pulp can be damaged, causing you constant pain. The pulp infection can also affect the tissue and bone around the tooth.
Symptoms of a cracked tooth:
What Kind of Cracks Can Affect the Teeth?
There are different types of tooth crack and the type will determine what type of treatment is needed. If the crack isn’t too deep, a root canal can be done to save the natural tooth. If the crack is too extensive, the tooth may need to be extracted.
Types of Cracks
Crazes: Small vertical cracks or scratches on the surface of the teeth that are considered part of the tooth anatomy. Crazes rarely requires treatment, but there may be optional treatments to improve the appearance.
Oblique supragingival cracks: Only affects the crown and do not extend below the gums. Typically, the affected part eventually breaks off. This type causes little pain because the pulp is unaffected.
Oblique subgingival cracks: These cracks extend below the gum line and sometimes even to the jawbone. A piece that’s broken off will typically stay attached until the dentist removes it. This type of crack is painful and can require periodontal surgery and root
canal or other restorative methods.
Vertical furcation cracks: Occur when the tooth’s roots separate. This type of crack typically affects the nerve of the tooth. Since the tooth won’t separate completely, a root canal and crown can save the tooth.
Oblique root cracks: Most of the damage is below the gum line and rarely affects the surface of the tooth at all. Depending on how deep the crack is, a root canal may be a viable option. However, tooth extraction is the most common treatment for this type of fracture.
Vertical apical root cracks: This type of crack appears at the tip of the root. Although an extraction is not required from a dental perspective, patients often request one due to the amount of pain. Root canal therapy can temporarily ease the pain, but eventually the tooth is often extracted.
Gum disease happens when there is inflammation in the gum line. If untreated, it can affect the bone around your teeth. There are three stages of gum disease are gingivitis, periodontitis and advanced periodontitis. Regular dental cleaning is a good way to prevent gum disease. Age, diet, genetics and smoking can affect your chances of getting gum disease.
Research shows that there is an association between periodontal diseases and chronic inflammatory conditions such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes and Alzheimer’s disease. Treating inflammation may not only help improve periodontal diseases, but may also help with other inflammatory conditions.
Symptoms of Gum Disease
Health Risk of Gum Disease
Having healthy gums is an important part of your overall well-being. Gum disease can cause pain, difficulty eating, bad breath, loss of teeth and more.
Not only do individuals with diabetes have a higher of getting gum disease, but gum disease will also affect the severity of their diabetes. The bacteria found in plaque can be inhaled into the lungs and may cause a lung infection or condition. This can happen to you even if you don’t have gum disease, but have lots of plaque. It is especially important for pregnant women to take care of their teeth and gums, since the hormonal changes caused by pregnancy can increase the risk of the expectant mother to develop gingivitis or periodontal disease. These oral diseases can cause low birth weight and premature birth. Expecting mothers should seek treatment if they have periodontal disease in order to reduce the risk of pre- and post-natal issues.
Bacteria from plaque can collect in gums to cause an inflammation, where the body destroys both the gum and bone tissue. If untreated, the bone tissue can start to erode, which can lead to loose or shifting teeth and in some cases may cause tooth loss.
Oral And Maxillofacial Surgery
This type of surgery involves the diagnosis, surgery and treatment of diseases relating to tissues in the mouth and jaw, including wisdom teeth removal, dental implants, bone grafting and jaw surgery.
Reasons to Visit Our General Dentist
Temporomandibular disorders refer to conditions of the chewing muscles and jaw joint. There are three main categories of TMJ disorders:
Symptoms of TMJ Disorders